首页>英语角 > 听力 > 英音 > 课 程 > 社会 > 大四>The Chinese Room
The Chinese Room
Question
A computer programs could be said to think if it can convince a human they are communicating with another human.
提交
60-Second Adventures in Thought
The Chinese Room
Can a machine ever be truly called intelligent?
American philosopher and Rhodes scholar John Searle certainly can. In 1980 he proposed
The Chinese Room thought experiment in order to challenge the concept of strong ‘artificial
intelligence’ – and not because of some Eighties design fad.
He imagines himself in a room with boxes of Chinese characters he can’t understand and a
book of instructions, which he can. If a Chinese speaker outside the room passes him
messages under the door, Searle can follow instructions from the book to select an
appropriate response. The person on the other side would think they’re chatting with a
Chinese speaker - just one who doesn’t get out much. But really it’s a confused philosopher.
Now, according to Alan Turing, the father of computer science, if a computer programme can
convince a human they are communicating with another human, then it could be said to think.
The Chinese Room suggests that, however well you program a computer it doesn’t
understand Chinese – it only simulates that knowledge – which isn’t really intelligence.
But then sometimes humans aren’t that intelligent either.
视频文本已隐藏,本文本来自网络或网友仅供参考
显示视频文本

Discuss

0 comments
characters remainingSubmit
反馈