Profile of Johannes Gutenberg
Although he didn't make much money during his lifetime, his contributions
Hey, I'm Jamal Andress for About.com and we're profiling the German inventor of the printing press, Johannes Gutenberg.In the 1400s, Gutenberg would change the world of printing. He borrowed some money to invest in the first ever printing press with movable letters -- known as the Gutenberg press. His invention is believed to foster a revolution not only in the production of text, but also in science, art and religion as the transmission of text got much easier.The Gutenberg press allowed type to be easily moved or replaced, and it brought down the price of text making it available to the masses. Ink was rolled over the raised surfaces of movable block letters and then pressed against a sheet of paper. It's not really known how Gutenberg made the type. There's debate about whether he used punch cutting or if he used a more primitive method. It's believed the printing press was invented in 1440, but didn't really come into full operation until 1450.In 1455, the Gutenberg Bible was printed, a 42-line Bible in Latin. It was a version of the of the late 4th century Vulgate. 42 lines were printed on each page, front and back. It's believed around 180 copies were made. Some say it was the most beautiful text ever printed, and the copies were extremely expensive for the time period. Today about 48 known copies remain.Gutenberg died in 1468 and was buried in his hometown of Mainz, which commemorated the inventor with a statue. Although he didn't make much money during his lifetime, his contributions helped fuel the Renaissance movement.And that's a quick look at the life of German inventor of the printing press, Johannes Gutenberg. For more information, go to About.com.
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