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Profile of Joan of Arc
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The church handed her over to the English forces where she was
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Hi, I'm Zach Toombs for About.com and today we will be profiling Saint Joan of Arc, a French peasant who was a key player in the Hundred Years War and claimed she could hear divine voices.Joan of Arc was born in 1412 to farmers in the village of Domrémy in eastern France. During her childhood, she worked as a cowherd and spent many hours in church.As she began to become spiritually involved, Joan of Arc claimed she heard voices and saw images from the spiritually divine. Those voices heard include Michael the Archangel, St. Katherine of Alexandria, and St. Margaret of Antioch. The voices told her to go raise the siege of Orleans, a battle between the English and the French as part of the Hundred Years War.After she heard the voices, she went to see Charles but was turned away. She was persistent with Charles who finally met with her in the Court of Chinon. Upon the meeting, Joan of Arc persuaded him to let her lead relief forces to Orleans' as she had contact with the spiritually divine. Joan then sent a letter to the English demanding they hand over their conquests and headed to Orleans with the Duke of Alencon and his army.Joan and the Duke of Alencon broke into Orleans battle on April 30, 1949 followed by their army. They had the siege broken in a matter of days as they captured the English earthworks and the English abandoned after trying to draw Joan out of the battle. The win allowed Joan and Alencon to continue forward with the battle defeating more English armies and sieges. Charles spirit was boosted as Joan's spiritual envision continued to promise victory. The victories made England rethink their strategy as Joan convinced Charles into leaving France's capital to the English Rheims.Charles sought truce and Joan was sent elsewhere to battle with some mixed result. In May of 1430, Joan fought the battle of Oise where Burgundian forces captured her. The Burgundian leader sold her to the English where she was given to the church.  A trial formed taking place at Rouen with staff and religious men loyal to France. She was judged by the vice-inquisitor of France. Joan was charged with 70 crimes, including prophecy and claiming divine authority for herself.Joan was found guilty and an appeal to the Pope was refused. Joan originally accepted the guilt, signing a document of abjuration. She was sentenced to a life in prison. She however protested saying that the voices she heard cause her of treason. They then found her guilty of being a relapsed heretic. The church handed her over to the English forces where she was burned, at the age of 19.That's a look at Joan of Arc. Thanks for watching. For more information, be sure to check out About.com.
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