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Profile of Ethan Allen
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What are the titles given to Revolutionary War hero Ethan Allen?
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Hi, I'm Christian Bryant for About.com, and today, we are profiling American revolutionary hero Ethan Allen. Ethan Allen was American born, hailing from Litchfield, Connecticut, in 1731.  His parents were Puritan settlers from England, and those puritanical roots would influence Allen throughout his life and business dealings.Farmer, Businessman, Land Speculator, Philosopher.  They're all titles that have been given to Revolutionary War hero Ethan Allen.   Throw in patriot and politician, and you have a pretty good summary of the man who led the Green Mountain Boys, and who eventually played a major role in the establishment of the state of Vermont.Ethan Allen's root interest in the Revolutionary war came from his land speculation deals in what were known as the New Hampshire grants.  Allen invested heavily in those grants, which awarded prime real estate to investors in exchange for cash.  They were highly sought after, and Allen reportedly engaged in intimidation tactics to drive off rival investors, including many from New York.
Those investors included many Tories who had the personal backing of none other than King George III, meaning Allen was putting himself in direct conflict with the British crown.  The problem being, the land grants being issued by the state of New York carried with them tariffs and backing of the King, which gave them legitimacy.  Other grants issued by the then governor of New Hampshire Benning Wentworth, carried no such legitimacy.
In 1770, Allen and other investors took their issues to court, pitted against New York's Lieutenant Governor, which the Wentworth investors lost.Rather than accept the verdict, Allen and the other New Hampshire investors returned home, and immediately formed a local militia known locally as the Green Mountain Boys.  The main purpose of the militia was to prevent New York's Tory backed leaders from extending their influence into the present states of New Hampshire and Vermont.  Those actions including driving out land surveyors and rival settlers. When the Revolutionary War broke out, Allen and his Green Mountain Boys were summoned to action.  In coordination with other revolutionary forces, Allen led his band of 130 men at Fort Ticonderoga.  It was supposed to be led by Benedict Arnold, but Allen's charges refused to acknowledge Arnold's command.  Allen and Arnold agreed to share command, launched a surprise attack at dawn, and successfully forced the surrender of the Fort from British forces without ever having to fire a shot.
Allen also led an unsuccessful raid on Montreal, and was captured in September 1775.  He was held by British authorities for the remainder of the war, released in a prisoner exchange in 1778.Allen returned home to Vermont to a life of politics and advocacy.  His status as war hero became entrenched.  While many question Allen's motivations for his role in the Revolutionary conflict, which critics saw as a selfish defense of his personal business interests, he was seen by those who supported him as a relentless defender of Vermont statehood.  That statehood was opposed by the New Yorkers with whom he had battled over land, and with similar land speculators from the state of New Hampshire.
Ethan Allen died in 1789, just six years after full peace was accepted with England. Vermont was accepted as the 14th state of the union two years later in 1791.
And that's a look at Revolutionary War hero, Ethan Allen.  I'm Christian Bryant, thanks for watching. For more information, be sure to check out About.com.
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