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Henry V of England
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Henry was not born
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Hi I'm Christina Hartman and today on About.com we'll be talking about King Henry V of England. Popularized by Shakespeare's play 'Henry V', the king was most famously known for his victory at the Battle of Agincourt.Henry was not born a direct heir to the throne. His name during his youth Henry Monmouth, was after the castle of Monmouth where he was born. A wealthy nobleman he was highly educated and made a name for himself as a strategist and keen fighter in many early conflicts.After the overthrow of King Richard II by his father Henry Bollingbroke in 1399, Henry of Monmouth became heir to the throne.
Henry of Monmouth became Henry V in 1413. As the new king Henry considered it his legal right and duty to recover parts of France that had been considered part of English land since the invasion of William the Conqueror in 1066. Henry declared war against France two years after becoming king and began what was known as the Agincourt Campaign. After taking the strategic port town of Harfleurs and suffering considerable casualties Henry marched his army through the winter until he was forced to confront the French army at Agincourt in Northern France on October 25th, otherwise known as St Crispin's Day.By all accounts Henry was expected to lose the battle. However a combination of the terrible conditions of the battlefield, English strategy and errors by the French army led to an English victory. The results were considerable - the English people lauded their King as a hero and united behind him and the French began to bicker between their factions.
After more victories within Normandy Henry V became heir to the French throne in 1420 and married the French king's daughter Catherine. Henry died two years later. His reign as King lasted just nine years.The battle of Agincourt was the centerpiece for Shakespeare's biographical play Henry V. In it, Henry inspires his tired English troops with the St Crispin's Day speech and leads them to a great victory with the famous phrase “Once more unto the breach dear friends, once more, or close the wall up with our English dead!”
That's a quick look at Henry V. Thanks for watching and be sure to check out About.com
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