Hi, I'm Zach Toombs for About.com and today we're taking a look at Chinese philosopher and politician, Confucius.Confucius was born in 551 BC in an area of China near present day Qufu. His father was an officer in in the Lu military but died when Confucius was only 3-years-old. Confucius was then raised, in poverty, by his mother. He married at age 19 and his mother died four years later when he was 23. He reportedly mourned for a customary three years after her death.Confucius was a politician during his life — serving in roles from the governor of a town to minister of crime — but is most well known for his philosophy.Known as the father of the ethical philosophy of Confucianism, Confucius' ideas were based in common Chinese traditions, including respect for elders and ancestors, and family loyalty. His teachings emphasized the morality of individuals and governments, sincerity, and justice and he is often credited with either writing or editing the 5 Classics of Chinese literature: Classic of Poetry, Book of Documents, Book of Rites, Classic of Changes, and Spring and Autumn Annals. His most famous teaching, however, may be an early version of the golden rule. “Do not do to others as you do not want done to yourself.”Confucius died in 479 BC at the age of either 71 or 72 but his legacy lives on. His philosophy is followed by some as a religion and is considered a form of virtue ethics. His burial site in Qufu is considered a place of remembrance in Chinese culture and visited by tourists to this day.And that's our look at Chinese philosopher Confucius. For more information visit About.com.