首页>英语角 > 听力 > 美音 > 课 程 > 历史 > 大三>Timeline of the Korean War
Timeline of the Korean War
Question
They finally came to an agreement, setting up a border and a 2-mile-wide
提交
00:00
00:00
Hi, I'm Zach Toombs and today with About.com we're here to give you a brief history of the Korean War.Waged from 1950 until 1953, the Korean War claimed the lives of almost 5 million people —more than half of them civilians. About 10 percent of Korea's pre-war population were killed in the conflict along with almost 40,000 Americans. In the aftermath of World War II, Japan's defeat left many of its former territories independent — including the peninsula of Korea. The United States and the Soviet Union divided the region along the 38th parallel.
The division created tension, with the U.S. backing anti-Communist South Korea, led by Syngman Rhee. And to the north, the USSR supported a Communist state led by communist dictator Kim Il Sung.But it was Chinese dictator Mao Zedong who pledged his discreet support for a North Korean invasion of the South in 1950. China would covertly supply their fellow Communists in North Korea with troops and supplies as they attempted to gain control over the entire Korean peninsula.Kim Il Sung made the decision to cross the 38th parallel and invade South Korea in June 1950. Early in the fighting, South Korea put their troops under the control of the United Nations, with the U.S. providing the bulk of military support.
Over the next two years, forces from the U.S., Canada, the United Kingdom and many other nations poured into Korea to aid the South with the aim of halting North Korean aggression and stopping the spread of Communism. At the same time, the Chinese continued supplying North Korea with men and equipment — even making its involvement official in October 1950.The battle lines shifted dramatically. And by September 1950, North Korea controlled almost the entire peninsula.  A decision by U.S. General Douglas MacArthur to launch an amphibious assault on the city of Inchon was a major victory for South Korea and its allies.But MacArthur's days in command of U.S. forces in Korea were numbered. The general believed moving the war into China was the only way to cut off the nation's supply to North Korea. President Harry Truman disagreed. With neither men backing down, Truman fired MacArthur for insubordination in April 1951, a move that set off an outcry from Republican lawmakers.In July 1951, with fighting continuing along the 28th parallel, the U.S. and South Korea engaged China and North Korea in peace talks. Two years later, they finally came to an agreement, setting up a border and 2-mile-wide demilitarized zone still effective today.
Thanks for watching. For more information, be sure to check About.com
视频文本已隐藏,本文本来自网络或网友仅供参考
显示视频文本

Discuss

0 comments
characters remainingSubmit
反馈