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Profile of Indira Gandhi
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Indira Gandhi was assassinated on October 31, 1984,
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Hi, I'm Zach Toombs and today on About.com we're profiling former Indian Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi.Indira Gandhi was born into a prominent political family on November 19, 1917 in Allahabad, India. Her father was future Indian prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru. Indira Gandhi studied in India, Europe, and at Oxford University. After her father became prime minister in 1947, she assisted him and accompanied him on foreign trips.After her father died in 1966, Indira Gandhi was elected to the Indian Parliament. In 1966, she was appointed Prime Minister by her party. Those who thought Indira Gandhi might be easily manipulated because she was a woman were proved wrong. She ruled India with a firm hand -- imprisoning political rivals, punishing opposition parties, and declaring a state of emergency in 1975.  But during tenure, India developed a nuclear weapons program, and improved its agriculture production, as well.Indira Gandhi's party was defeated in 1977, and she was arrested. But, she returned to power in 1980 in a landslide. Her second stint as prime minister was marked by sectional unrest, particularly by Sikhs, who wanted their own separate state within India. An assault approved by Indira Gandhi on a Sikh holy site in 1982 resulted in the deaths of almost 450 people – many of them innocent civilians.Indira Gandhi was assassinated on October 31, 1984, by two of her Sikh bodyguards. She was cremated, and her memorial lies not far from her father's in New Delhi. Her killers were executed for their crimes.Thanks for watching our profile of Indira Gandhi – India's Iron Lady. For more information, go to About.com.
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