Profile of Sir Winston Churchill
Sir Winston Churchill died in 1965 as
Hello, I'm Milo for About.com, and today we are talking about Winston Churchill. Winston Churchill, whose full name was Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, is best known as the man who led Britain against the Nazis during WWII. He is credited with inspiring Britain during this difficult time and of forming key alliances with the US and the Soviet Union during the war. Born in 1874 to an aristocratic father and an American mother, Churchill spent his childhood under the care of his nanny, Elizabeth Everest. He treasured her all his life and kept in touch with her until she passed away in 1895. When Churchill was 8 years old, he went to boarding school, which was followed at age 12 with military school.After graduation, Churchill went on to study at the Royal Military College in Sandhurst. After college, Churchill became a commissioned cavalry officer. In addition to being a soldier, Churchill became a war correspondent, writing about his experiences for newspapers. After seeing action in India, Churchill wrote his first of many non-fiction books, The Story of the Malakand Field Force. At age 25, Churchill turned to politics. He became a member of the English Parliament, marking the beginning of his long career as a politician. Since Churchill was known to have had, what he himself called, a speech impediment, he had to work hard to overcome his stutter. Churchill eventually went on to become one of the greatest orators of the 20th century. In 1911, Churchill met and married Clementine Hozier. The couple had five children together and remained married until Winston's death. During his political life, Churchill suffered setbacks, such as being forced out of politics after the disastrous Dardanelles campaign during World War I. During this particular hard time, Churchill took on painting, something he continued for the rest of his life. Churchill went back into politics in 1917 as Secretary of State and then went on to serve as prime minister twice, once from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. In 1955 he resigned as prime minister due to poor health. Churchill had also spent this time writing extensively, including a six-volume work on WWI entitled The World Crisis and another six-volume work entitled The Second World War. After retiring from political life, Churchill continued to write, including finishing a four-volume work entitled A History of English Speaking Peoples. Churchill also continued to give public speeches and to paint. Towards the end of his life, Churchill received many honors, among them being made Knight of the Garter by Queen Elizabeth II and was also awarded the Nobel Prize in literature. US president John F Kennedy awarded Winston honorary US citizenship. He is the only person ever to have received this honor. Sir Winston Churchill died in 1965 as a result of a massive stroke. He was 90 years old. For more excellent, insightful, and interesting information on the 20th Century, check us out at About.com.