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Profile of Franklin D. Roosevelt
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Profile of Franklin D. Roosevelt
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Hello, my name is David Wilson. I'm an historian and a teacher of U.S. and World History. I'm here today for About.com. In today's video we're going to be discussing Franklin Delano Roosevelt.Franklin Delano Roosevelt, who would go on to be known simply by the acronym FDR, was born on January 30th, 1882. FDR was born into a prominent New York family and was raised with all the trappings of wealth and privilege; from private tutors to leisure activities such at golf and sailing. As a young man he attended college at Harvard, studying economics. Later he would attend Columbia law school. FDR was a fifth cousin to President Theodore Roosevelt, whom FDR also admired greatly. While at Harvard, FDR fell in love with Anna Eleanor Roosevelt, Theodore Roosevelt's niece and a distant cousin to FDR; they married in 1905.FDR entered politics after serving as a clerk in a Wall Street law firm for a few years. He won a New York State Senate seat in 1910, and then in 1913, President Wilson named FDR Assistant Secretary of the Navy. After holding that position for 7 years, FDR then went back to practicing law in New York.While on vacation in 1921 Roosevelt contracted Polio. He would be without the use of his legs for the remainder of his life.During his second term as governor of the state of New York, FDR was elected the nation's 32nd president in 1932. At the time the U.S. was mired in the heart of the heart of the great depression and this situation allowed Roosevelt the leverage he needed to push through his unprecedented New Deal reforms and programs.FDR's first 100 days in office where a whirlwind of reforms and actions designed to stem the tide of the Great Depression and restore the confidence of the American people. Immediately upon his inauguration Congress passed the Emergency Banking Act, which declared a bank holiday and his series of radio broadcast, dubbed Fireside Chats, which allowed him to speak to everyday Americans in their homes.FDR maintained a high level of popularity during his term in office and was the first and only US president to be elected four times. He was also able to successfully shepherd the United States through WW2 and was integral in forming the wartime alliance between the U.S., Great Britain, and the Soviet Union. He died in office on April 12th 1945. His legacy was a radically revamped American government, which provided jobs directly to the American public as well as a security platform that led to the United Nations and the formation of NATO.Thanks for watching. To learn more, visit us on the web at About.com.
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