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Overview of The Great Migration
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The Great Migration was the relocation of more than
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Overview of The Great Migration
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Hi, my name is Christian and today on About.com we are looking at The Great Migration.The Great Migration was the relocation of more than 6 million African-Americans from the southern United States to cities in the North, Midwest, and West from 1910 to 1970. The migration was a result of Jim Crow segregation laws and poor economic opportunities in the south for African Americans.Even though the Ku Klux Klan had been abolished in 1869, there were still underground operations of the group that resulted in lynching and violence against African Americans. These violent acts helped prompt The Great Migration.
During this time, World War I broke out in Europe, causing a shortage of industrial laborers as many Americans went to fight the war and the tension caused less migration from Europe.As a result, when African Americans reached cities like Chicago, New York, and Detroit, they were greeted with work in steel mills, tanneries, and railroad companies. Although African Americans experienced racism and criticism in these cities, wages were significantly higher in the north, This made it possible for African Americans to have greater economic opportunity and reward.The Great Migration caused many big cities to experience significant increases in the African American population. From 1910 to 1920, the African American population increased by 148 percent in Chicago, 500 percent in Philadelphia, and 611 percent in Detroit.
This increase in population created black suburbs which fostered the growth of a modern African American culture, including community groups, resources, and support.Large publications like the Chicago Defender published train schedules and employment opportunities to help African Americans find the means to escape. With opportunities for better work, African Americans also experienced better education and housing opportunities.
As the movement moved into the later years, African Americans moved west to cities like Los Angeles where movie production and roles promised some blacks a rising future.
By the end of the movement, a new black culture was established in America as African American's were afforded even more economic rights as business opportunities were created. This new black culture was present in many of the larger city suburbs - Detroit, New York, Chicago, and Philadelphia.
That's a look at the The Great Migration. For more information, visit About.com. Thanks for watching. 
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