Overview of The Bay of Pigs
The remaining Cuban aircraft were sent to destroy the ships with all of the
Hi, my name is Neville Miller and today on About.com we're talking about the Bay of Pigs which took place in April, 1961. Tension between Cuba's Prime Minister Fidel Castro and the United States mounted following the Cuban Revolution of 1959. The United States government decided it was time to invade the Cuban communists and overthrow Castro. In May of 1960, the Central Intelligence Agency, or CIA, recruited Anti-Castro Cuban exiles. Most were sent to Guatemala, to receive training and weapons. The group consisted of nearly 1,500 soldiers. Named after the enlistment number of a soldier who was killed during training, the small army was known as the 2506 BrigadePresident Dwight D. Eisenhower had constructed some ideas to retaliate against Cuba, but newly inaugurated President John F. Kennedy officially approved the invasion. U.S. Air Force bombers, painted like Cuban planes, struck upon Cuba's Air Force, destroying some, but not all of Cuban aircraft. The 2506 Brigade landed on Cuban soil on April 17, 1961 at the Bay of Pigs on the southern coast. The area was swampy and difficult to cross.Castro heard of the small army and sent forces to attack the brigade. The remaining Cuban aircraft were sent to destroy the ships with all of the brigades food, weapons and ammunition. Cuban aircraft successfully sank one ship and drove away the rest, causing a major problem for the 2506 Brigade, cutting off their supplies. The Cuban's rebelling against Castro, like the U.S. had hoped, did not happen. Castro joined the fleet defending their Cuban land and, after two days of fighting, got the 2506 Brigade to surrender, taking over 1,100 prisoners. After long and difficult negotiations, President Kennedy gave Castro nearly $53 million in food and medicine in exchange for the prisoners.The Bay of Pigs failure put President Kennedy under heavy scrutiny, and most of the CIA operatives involved were fired or asked to resign. While Kennedy's legacy was tainted from the incident, Castro's was bolstered. The incident gave hope to other small countries, demonstrating that dominance by foreign interests could be resisted.