首页>英语角 > 听力 > 美音 > 课 程 > 历史 > 高三>Profile of Lord Charles Cornwallis
Profile of Lord Charles Cornwallis
Question
Cornwallis remained a hero at home,
提交
00:00
00:00
播放重放快退快进
Profile of Lord Charles Cornwallis
音量
Hi, I'm Jim Flink for About.com.  Today we're profiling the British army officer and colonial administrator Lord Charles Cornwallis.Cornwallis is best known as one of the pre-eminent commanders of the British forces during the American Revolutionary War.  But throughout his military career, Cornwallis also commanded British troops in India and Ireland.Born into an aristocratic family, Charles Cornwallis was educated at Eton and Cambridge, two of England's most prestigious universities.  He also served in the House of Lords. 
Cornwallis served in several key military campaigns during the American Revolutionary War: The failed Siege of Charleston; the Campaign for New York; the Battle of Long Island; and the ultimately successful second Siege of Charleston. 
Cornwallis and General William Howe served under Sir General Henry Clinton, and alternated as lead commanders of the British forces during the conflict.  Eventually, Howe took over the northern campaign and Cornwallis took up the southern campaign. Cornwallis initially found much success in the south, more so than Howe in the north.  He was able to tap into both disaffected slaves who had escaped captivity to help the loyalist cause, and the south was believed to have a strong Tory base of sympathizers. In fact, Cornwallis registered several victories in the Carolinas, most notably at Camden, Guillford and Wilmington.  But his forces tired with all of the fighting, and eventually his army began to show cracks. His relationship with Sir Henry Clinton also deteriorated.  Clinton saw Cornwallis as more of a rival than a colleague, and ultimately that would help lead to Cornwallis' undoing.In the Spring of 1781, Cornwallis began engaging in skirmishes with French Commander Marquis de Lafayette in Virginia.  Though Cornwallis' troops doubled that of the Marquis', Cornwallis was eventually compelled to defend the Virginia Peninsula at the behest of Clinton, his superior.After the defeat of the Royal Navy by the French in the Battle of Chesapeake, French naval forces moved to cover Cornwallis flank, while the Marquis attack from the front.  Cut off, Cornwallis was forced to surrender.  But in a dubious move, he claimed he fell ill the day of the official surrender at Yorktown and sent his second in command to hand over his sword. 
Cornwallis remained a hero at home, regardless of his surrender. His defeat did not end the war, but it was his last major battle in the American theatre. He eventually died in India, of fever, in 1805, and a memorial in his honor remains there to this day, protected by the Archaeological Survey of India.
And that's our profile of British General Lord Charles Cornwallis.  Thanks for watching.  For more information, be sure to check out, About.com.
视频文本已隐藏,本文本来自网络或网友仅供参考
显示视频文本

Discuss

0 comments
characters remainingSubmit
反馈