Hi, I'm Donna with About.com and I'm going to discuss the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution lasted roughly 100 years, beginning around 1750. It grew out of huge technological changes in power production, mechanics and design. The United Kingdom is thought to be its birthplace and it spread through Europe, North America, Japan and the world. Its effect on the entire planet resulted in changes of population, population density,and affluence. It is the first time in history where the equation between population and income increased on both sides by factors of six and ten. To begin with, you had to power the Revolution. This was accomplished by huge strides in steam, oil and electric power. These advances played out in many ways, most notably the transition from manual labor to machine-based production. This transition came to be labeled "industrialization," which has continued throughout the modern era. With primary fuel sources of coal, and later on, oil, the ability to generate electrical power swept the planet.All this technology was also applied to transportation. The ability to move people and goods grew at a rapid rate. Other factors that played heavily into continued industrialization were communication and education. The fields of textile manufacturing, metallurgy and mining are credited as early influences in the Revolution. Also roads, railways and waterways increased at an unprecedented rate.However, sociologically, there were prices to pay. Child labor, workers living on top of each other in squalor and earning less than the minimum necessary to live created new challenges for society. Although these conditions had existed for years prior to the Revolution, they were somewhat balanced by the rise of a new middle class.The revolution also gave rise to the organization of labor and protests. Out of these protests grew the trade unions of subsequent decades. There is also believed to be a second Industrial Revolution which grew out of advances in steel production, petroleum, electrical and chemical industries.There are some historians that trace the roots of the Industrial Revolution to the middle ages, claiming that the printing press and the clock were models for mass production and synchronization.In conclusion, the Industrial Revolution represents a worldwide sweep of knowledge through communication. Its pace increased steadily and the Industrial Revolution is considered the accelerant which spread the modern era. Although the Industrial Revolution has been criticized by many for its pace and for pulling mankind away from its connection to the earth, once it began, its direction and momentum has been unstoppable.Thanks for watching! For more about the Industrial Revolution, visit About.com.