Major Battles of the American Revolution
Do not shoot till you see
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Hello, I'm Milo for About.com and today we're talking about the major battles of the American Revolution. There were many battles during the Revolutionary War that lasted from 1775 to the signing of the Paris Treaty in 1783. A few of the battles, such as the one at Lexington and Concord where Paul Revere rode his horse to frantically warn of the coming British, were actually before Independence was declared in 1776.Bunker Hill was another that occurred in June 1775 before the Declaration of Independence. Taking place in Charlestown, Massachusetts near Boston, it was an important victory for the colonists and by all accounts was a remarkable feat of organization by a rag-tag group of militiamen lacking formal military structures. General Prescott, commanding the colonists, is here credited with giving the legendary order, “Do not shoot till you see the whites of their eyes.” The Battle of Trenton on December 26, 1776, was in the face of growing despair among the colonists and general George Washington as they were in retreat from loses at Fort Washington and lacking basic needs like clothing and food. Forming a bold plan to try and turn the tide of despair, Washington famously crossed the Delaware river on Christmas day and completely surprised a garrison of Hessians. Washington's success gave the colonists a much needed hope.In 1777, Saratoga, in New York, was the site of a couple confrontations, one in particular occurred in October. Leading the US armies were Horatio Gates and Benedict Arnold, who had actually been stripped of command for a disagreement with Gates just before. However Arnold, disobeying orders rode into battle and rallied his former troops. This action among other led to a major victory for the colonists that dayThe last major land battle of the Revolutionary War was at Yorktown in October of 1781. The French were fighting alongside the colonists at this time and both the colonial and French armies marched on Yorktown where one of Britain's lead generals, Lord Charles Cornwallis, was holed up. Cutting him off by land and sea the colonists overwhelmed his forces causing him to surrender. On September 3rd, 1783 Britain and The United States of America signed the Treaty of Paris, ending the Revolutionary War. For more excellent, insightful, and interesting information on history check us out at About.com.
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