What Is the UN?
Although the UN headquarters is located in New York City, there are 17 ________ spread throughout the world
Hi, my name is Zach Toombs and today on About.com, we’re profiling the United Nations, or the UN, the only body that counts almost every country on Earth amongst its members. The United Nations was founded by the countries on the winning side of World War II in 1945 with the mission of international peace and security. The initial meeting, or United Nations Conference on International Organization, was held in San Francisco in June of 1945 with where 50 nations developed the United Nations Charter.Once the charter was ratified by the Allies and a majority of other countries in attendance, the United Nations officially came into being on October 24, 1945, which has been celebrated as United Nations Day since 1948.The ranks of the United Nations now number 193 member states with those nations making up the UN General Assembly.A smaller group of nations makes up the UN Security Council. That group consists of five permanent members: The U.S., the UK, France, Russia, and China, as well as an additional 10 rotating members elected by the General Assembly every two years.The leader of the United Nations is the UN Secretary-General. He or she is nominated by the Security Council and approved by the General Assembly. In recent years, Kofi Annan of Ghana held the title from 1997 to 2006 before Ban Ki-moon of South Korea took office in 2007.The UN headquarters is located in New York City, but there are 17 specialized agencies spread throughout the world and the UN currently has peacekeeping missions deployed in 16 countries.Thanks for watching our overview of the United Nations. For more information, go to About.com.