Profile of Andy Warhol
Pop Art was a groundbreaking movement because it questioned the line between
Hello, I'm Milo for About.com, and today we are talking about Andy Warhol. Known by virtually everyone because of his colorful, celebrity images, Andy Warhol, as he became known in the art world, is considered to be one of the most important American artists of the second half of the 20th century. He was influential because he created some of the most recognizable images ever produced. Born Andrew Warhola on August 6, 1928, to Czechoslovakian immigrants Julia and Andrej Warhola, he attended Carnegie Mellon University in his native city, Pittsburgh where he studied commercial art. Warhol was a leading figure in the art movement known as Pop Art which flourished in the 1960s.Pop Art was a groundbreaking movement because it questioned the line between high and low art forms. By using everyday recognizable imagery as inspiration as well as commercial processes, Warhol tried to produce art that appealed to a general public and thus demystify art. He could be seen as an artist who encouraged the questioning of what art was. He was a very successful commercial artist in New York city before he started producing art pieces for gallery exhibitions, but once he decided to focus on art production he created works in a variety of media including painting, printmaking, photography, and film and was one of the pioneers in computer generated art. One of his most famous works is Campbell Soup Cans, which is a piece featuring 32 printed reproductions of just what the title of the piece describes, all the flavors at the time of Campbell Soup cans. He also became internationally known for his use of celebrities as subject matter in his art work, one of these celebrities was Marilyn Monroe of whom he created a series of silkscreened photographic prints. He called his studio, The Factory, which was famous for bringing together distinguished intellectuals, drag queens, playwrights, Hollywood celebrities and bohemian street people.Warhol also wrote several books during his lifetime, The Philosophy of Andy Warhol and Popism: The Warhol Sixties, are both highly recommended if you want to learn more about this fascinating American artist. He survived an assassination attempt in 1968 and died on February 22, 1987 while recovering from minor surgery. He was buried in his native Pittsburgh. For more helpful, interesting, and insightful information on art history check us out at About.com.