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Abraham Lincoln
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Abraham Lincoln had less than a year of __________________ so he educated himself by reading books.
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His formal schooling amounted to less than a year, so he educated himself by reading books. It was a rough beginning for this 16th president of the United States. Abraham Lincoln was born in a log cabin in Kentucky,on February 12, 1809. He taught himself law, opened an office in Spring Field, Illinois, and married a society belle, Mary Todd. In 1858, the popular lawyer ran for senator from Illinois. His opponent Steven Douglas challenged him to a series of debates on the issue of slavery. Lincoln opposed to the thread of slavery to new states being formed out west. He lost the election but the debates made him famous. Two years later he ran for president, this time Lincoln won. But by his inauguration day, the country was on the verge of breaking apart. One by one, seven southern states succeeded or withdrew from the US and formed a new country called the Confederate States of America. Lincoln believed that succession was illegal and that it was his duty to keep the union together. In April 1861, angry words turned to bloodshed. Four more states left the union, the civil war had begun. In 1863, Lincoln was asked to give a speech at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, recently the site of major battle where over 50,000 men from north and south were killed or wounded. The president reminded the world what was at stake in the civil war. 'We here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain, that this nation under God shall have a new brith of freedom, and the government of people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth.' Lincoln ran for a second term and was reelected. In his inaugural speech, the president looked beyond the bitterness of war and spoke of last of peace in unity. 'With malice towards none,with charity for all, with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right. Let us strive on, to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation's wounds.' The next month, on April 9th, 1865, the south surrendered, the civil war was over. Five days later, Lincoln took his wife to the theater to celebrate, a confederate sympathizer named John Wiles Booth entered the president's box and shot him in the head. Lincoln never regain consciousness, he died next morning, April 15, 1865.
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