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What Are the Parts of an Acoustic Guitar
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Hi! I’m Rick Tedesco for About.com and today we’re going to talk about the parts of an Acoustic Guitar. We’re here at the Guitar Hangar in Brookfield, Connecticut. If you are going to learn how to play an acoustic guitar, it’s good to familiarize yourself with the parts and how they work. Here are the parts of an acoustic guitar; the headstock, the tuning pegs, the nut, the fingerboard, the frets, the fret markers, the top or soundboard, the sound hole, the pick guard, the bridge, the bridge saddle, the bridge pins.
The Top of the Guitar is Called the Headstock

We start with the headstock and tuning pegs. The headstock is the very top portion of your acoustic guitar and holds the “Tuning Pegs ” (also known as machine heads, tuners or tuning keys). The Tuning Pegs can be turned either to your right or left and they adjust the pitch of the string. The headstock is angled back to allow pressure to hold the strings in place on the nut. It may be small, but it is a very important part, the nut has small slits in it where the strings rest and guide the strings from your fretboard to your tuning pegs.
The Strings' Pitch is Controlled at the Frets

Next the neck which includes the fretboard and frets. The Neck is the long narrow part of the guitar that connects the headstock to the body. It is here where you will find the fretboard, also known as a fingerboard, and the Frets. The fretboard is a long piece of wood that has thin metal strips attached to it known as “Frets”. The frets are metal bars used to divide the fretboard. Each fret represents a different “pitch” or “note ” when pressed down and played. Position Markers are small markers on the fretboard, usually circles, that can be found in between specific frets. They serve as a guide of sorts. They are found on the third, fifth, seventh, ninth, twelfth, fifteenth and seventeenth Frets.
The Guitar Sound Comes From the Body

The body is the large hollow part of the acoustic guitar where the sound hole, bridge, pick guard and soundboard are located. If you play from a seated position, the body is the part that rests on your leg.The sound hole, as the name suggests, is the large hole found in the body of the guitar. The sound hole is where the sound waves made by playing the strings exit the body of the guitar. The pick guard is the dark and smooth piece that is located right next to the sound hole. As you strum your guitar, your hand will naturally travel downward against the body and the pick guard is there to protect the body from scratches.

The bridge is a wooden plate that is located on the body of the guitar and it anchors the strings to the body. The saddle is a small strip attached to the bridge, usually made of plastic or bone. The purpose of the saddle is to raise the strings up above the body and fretboard. The bridge pins secure the guitar strings into place on the bridge.The truss rod is a steel rod that is located inside the neck of your guitar. The purpose of the truss rod is to help stabilize and adjust the curvature of the neck. Now that we know the parts of the acoustic guitar, we can play. To learn more about Guitars and other music topics, please visit about.com Thanks for watching.
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