What Are the Theories of Personality?
Know who you are, be who you are, and do not change in the presence of others;
Hi, I'm Jane Fendelman for About.com. Today we're talking about theories of personality.Some experts say personality is set it can't be changed, and then other experts say that you can go through experiences and have epiphanies that completely change who you are and how you interact with the world. Nature is, we believe you came into the world who you are, you are who you are, the personality is set, the baby is who they'll always be, and you can see the personality from the moment they're born. And that's pretty much true and some people are extroverted and some people are introverted.Then, there's nurture and those people talk about how you were raised, and that makes a difference in who you are. B.F. Skinner did believe that people's behavior could be changed through conditioning. He conducted many experiments designed to modify behavior. B.F. Skinner and Watson's behavioral theories fall under the category of "Nurture," whereas Freud's Psychodynamic theory based in the Id, Ego, Superego are on the "Nature" side, where you're born who you are and that does not change.Then there's Carl Jung, who broke from Freud when he began developing his own theories which were vast, including the collective unconscious, the archetypes, and the masculine and feminine represented in the Animus and the Anima. Based on Carl Jung's notions, Isabel Briggs Meyers created the Myers Briggs personality inventory. Now if you want to know more about yourself it's a great thing to take the Myer's Briggs because there are continuums, different aspects of your personality that you'll rate for instance introvert/extrovert. It's great to know what you are exactly because it brings us to being less judgmental, not only of others but of ourselves.Carl Rodgers and Abraham Maslow were humanist theorists, and the basis of their beliefs is that there is an innate need for personal growth and self-awareness. Then there's Eysenk's Five factor theory of personality. This theory says that there are five main factors in a personality and that each human being is dominant in certain areas or is weaker in other areas.Glasser talked about how every single human born in the entire world acts from their values. And when he said values, he meant love, generosity, trust, and honesty. He said those values are universal and that through childhood experiences, both good and bad, especially in the bad experiences, that we get holes punched through our values, and then we act out of the opposite, we act out of belief systems, and belief systems are adopted through experiences.There is also a theory called the Johary window, which shows us a window with four quadrants. Now, in the Johary window, they say that the best quadrant to have be the biggest quadrant is "Known to self and known to others." And there's a saying that goes, "Know who you are, be who you are, and do not change in the presence of others," and that that is the healthiest way to live.Thanks for watching. To learn more, visit About.com