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Overview of Social Psychology
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The things that we think about
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Hi I'm Hollie Hancock, here today with About.com to give you a brief overview of social psychology.There are a few questions that you should ask yourself, or may ask yourself, when thinking about social psychology. For example, how do you perceive yourself in relation to the rest of the world? And, how does this perception change the way you think, act, and respond to the world? And finally, how do these opinions of others impact the way you think, act, and respond to the world? These questions are a great starting point in a discussion about social psychology.So, what is social psychology? According to psychologist Gordon Allport, social psychology is a discipline that uses scientific methods to understand and explain how thought, feeling and behavior of individuals are influenced by the actual, imagined or implied presence of other human beings. So basically, everything that we do, everything that we say, every person that we encounter affects how we are and who we are and the way that we behave.This diagram illustrates how we interact with the world, and vice versa: So, here we are, US. Then we see how we interact with the world, and how the world interacts with us. Second, let's look at how we interact with other people. The way we interact with other people and the way that they interact with us is a reciprocal process. We are constantly influencing others and others are constantly influencing us. And finally, our perception of ourselves in the world actually reflects back to us what is the reality of ourselves in the world. So as you can see, social psychology encompasses many facets and factors of our interaction with our world in our daily lives.So in conclusion, what are the big lessons we learn from social psychology: Number one, we construct our social reality. That which we perceive is real. Two, our social intuitions are often powerful, but sometimes perilous. The things that we think about can come to fruition for good or for bad. Social influences shape our behavior, that's the third thing. The fourth, personal attitudes and dispositions also shape our behavior. How do you feel about Republicans and Democrats? Those things are going to shape your behavior if you're a Democrat and you're sitting in a room full of Republicans. You might act a little differently. Keep in mind that social psychology principles are applicable to everyday life and other disciplines. We see it all the time in media trying to get us or to persuade us to do something based on someone else's perception.
Thanks for watching. I'm Hollie Hancock with About.com. For more information, visit us online.
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