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Hi, I'm Kaytie Sproul, a credentialed teacher in the state of California. I'm here today for About.com. To anwer the question: What is an 8-Step Lesson Plan? As most teachers know, having a succinct, thoughtful lesson plan is the best way to engage students and ensure their success.Let's take a closer look at this 8-step plan from About.com's elementary education site. The first component of the lesson plan is Objectives and Goals. Here, you will determine exactly what you hope to accomplish with this specific lesson, writing out precise goals and objectives. As you draft these, be sure that you're in alignment with state standards and any additional district guidelines.The second component of the lesson plan is the Anticipatory Set. This is your opportunity to introduce ideas to the students that are relevant to the lesson, without diving right in. You're referencing their knowledge base, drawing what you can from previous lessons, and provoking an interest in what's to come. At this point, it's time to figure out your Direct Instruction, the third component of the 8-Step Plan. This is really the guts of it all where you explain, discuss, or demonstrate what it is the students must learn. Your direct instruction can be done in any number of ways, and should be based on learning modalities and what's most appropriate for the subject area.Fourth in the 8-Step Lesson Plan is Guided Practice. Your students have been given the necessary information and now must engage in what they've just learned. This will more than likely occur through the use of an individual or cooperative learning activity. It's a time for them to show you what they've gained from your Direct Instruction, and an opportunity for you to check for understanding and correct any misconceptions.
Closure is the fifth step in effective lesson planning and is a good time to wrap-up what the students have just learned. It might simply be a quick discussion that summarizes the lesson, but keep in mind that it's yet another opportunity to check for understanding and fill in any gaps that may be present. The sixth step is Independent Practice, giving students an opportunity to fully integrate and solidify their new learning. While it may be a homework assignment or in-class worksheet, Independent Practice can also be recurring or serve a cross-curricular purpose, so don't be afraid to get creative.The seventh component is determining what Required Equipment and Materials will be needed to supplement the lesson. From construction paper to Bunsen burners, this is where you list it all. The eighth and final step of your lesson plan is Assessment and Follow-up. Assessing student learning is key to determining whether or not you met your objectives and goals. Quizzes, tests, assignments, projects, and a wide array of other instruments can be used to this end. Your follow-up will be based on the results of the assessment and to what degree your objectives and goals were met. And those are the basics of an 8-Step Lesson Plan.
Thanks for watching. To learn more, visit us on the web at About.com.
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